Install make and GCC using the Add/Remove Software in the GUI
Do what this tip says about the kernel headers by running the following command with elevated privileges. “I encountered this problem when upgrading from 12.10 to 13.04. No matter what I did, the VMware Tools installer couldn’t seem to find the headers. For the record, here’s how I installed the headers: sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install build-essential linux-headers-$(uname -r)
Then install the VMware tools as per the text file in the distribution.